Levels of collectiveness
Levels of collectiveness
The word cosmopolitan makes cohesions for someone who has traveled a lot and lived in many countries. The definition of the word is someone who accepts cosmopolitanism. This is the belief that people all around the world can have some common moral standards, practices and norms.
Nationalism is associated with Hitler. Nazi party was nationalist and socialist as stated in the official name “National Socialist German Workers' Party”. There are many forms of nationalism. Father of socialism and nationalism was Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Rousseau’s nationalism was liberal, very different than Hitler’s expansive and imperialistic. Rousseau saw the nation as a big collective that can peacefully coexist and cooperate with other nations.
Initially, the right of that time, nobility, was against nationalism. Later they adopted it as a reaction to communism’s internationalism. Proletarian internationalism or international socialism adheres that capitalism is a word system. Workers all over the world should unite against capitalism and revolutions in countries should be seen as a worker’s global struggle against global capitalism.
One nation conservatism and corporatism are different but related ideas to Rousseau’s nationalism. They view a nation as a whole where parts cooperate harmonically instead of the class struggle proposed by Marx. One nation conservatism was introduced by Benjamin Disraeli. When Disraeli died in 1881, Pope Leo XIII assigned to a group of social thinkers to study corporatism. They defined it as a "system of social organization that has at its base the grouping of men according to the community of their natural interests and social functions, and as true and proper organs of the state they direct and coordinate labor and capital in matters of common interest".
Are nationalism and internationalism mutually exclusive? What about globalism? Perceptions differ on the definitions of internationalism and globalism. According to the prevailing opinion globalism is larger and broader than internationalism. Internationalism stresses the cooperation and understanding between nations while keeping their national interests. Globalism tries to minimize national interests and in an extreme version abolish nations. Extreme globalism calls for one world government, on religion, one currency, one race, one culture, one color.
It is not black or white. On one side we have narrow minded nationalism where nations see only their interests with no desire for cooperation and understanding. One the other end we have extreme globalism where national interests are removed because nations are abolished. And there are several shades of gray.
Narrow minded nationalism and internationalism are mutually exclusive. Extreme globalism and nationalism are mutually exclusive. Expansive imperialistic nationalism can go hand-in hand with globalism. This is what would have happened if Hitler had conquered the World. There would be a World Government formed from Axis powers that would have enslaved all other nations. This type of globalism is of course against all enslaved countries’ nationalism.
If someone in California is interested in California’s prosperity, is he anti-American? Of course not. Someone who is interested in his country’s prosperity is not anti-internationalist or even anti-globalist. Some global coordination and cooperation is necessary. In order to do that, it is not necessary to abolish nations.
Things are really easy and knowledge of economics or political science is not necessary in order to understand them. Imagine a family on a Sunday. Mother wants to go to the park for a picnic, daughter wants to go to the mall, father wants to see a game and son wants to stay at home and play video games. The fact that they have different interests does not mean that they do not have common interests as well. Some families are constantly fighting but others find ways to manage their differences while keeping members' individuality.
The family is the first collective. Extended families, companies, clubs, political parties, organizations, neighborhoods, towns, cities, states, nations, the World are all collectives and we are members of all. There is undoubtedly a struggle between classes and it is actually much more complex than that. There are many struggles between various groups in a society. They can still manage their differences and cooperate somewhat harmoniously at a national level for common interests.
That may not be possible when there are big income differences, people in absolute poverty, exploitation or oppression. In this case struggle may be more suitable. Otherwise, a somehow harmonious co-existence is possible. This is why reducing income inequalities is important.
Likewise, nations could fight or manage their differences at somewhat harmoniously way at a global level for their common interests. It is not necessary to abolish nations like extreme globalism proposes. Current globalization has partially decreased income differences among countries but it has not done a good job. China benefited a lot while Africa not. At the same time it has increased income differences within countries.